澳门真人赌场

我国农村社会治理中的官方话语权困境———基于标语现象的研究

来源:齐鲁网

作者:龚晓洁

2021-04-14 16:57:04

[ZHAIYAO] BIAOYUZAIWOGUOSHEHUISHENGHUOZHONGSHIYIZHONGJIJUDAIBIAOXINGDEZHENGZHIWENHUAXIANXIANG,ZAIWOGUONONGCUNDIQUSHEHUIZHILIZHONGBANYANZHETESHUDEJIAOSE,FAHUIZHEXUANCHUANDANGHEGUOJIAGEXIANGFANGZHENZHENGCEJIQITAXINXIDEZHONGYAOZAITIZUOYONG,SHIGUANFANGHUAYUQUANZAINONGCUNSHEHUIDEJUTITIXIAN。BIAOYUZUOWEIWOGUONONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIDEYIZHONGSHOUDUAN,FANYINGLESHIDAIDETEZHENGYUSHEHUIDEFENGMAO,BIAOYUDESHANBIANZEZHESHECHUSHIDAIDEFAZHANYUSHEHUIDEBIANQIAN。BENWENTONGGUODUINONGCUNBIAOYUDEGONGNENGFENXI,TANTAOWOGUONONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIDELINIAN、SHOUDUANHEFANGSHI,JINERTOUSHIDANGQIANWOGUONONGCUNSHEHUIGUANFANGHUAYUQUANDEKUNJING,WEITUIDONGNONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIDEFAZHANTICHUXIANGYINGDEDUICEJIANYI。

澳门真人赌场[GUANJIANCI] NONGCUNBIAOYU; NONGCUNSHEHUIZHILI; KUNJING

一、引言

ZAIWOGUOXIANGDANGZHANGDELISHISHIQINEI,BIAOYUFAHUIZHEXUANCHUANDANGHEZHENGFUGEXIANGFANGZHENZHENGCEDEZAITIZUOYONG,SHIGUANFANGHUAYUQUANZAINONGCUNSHEHUIDEJUTITIXIAN。YOUQISHIZAINONGCUN,YOUYUCUNLUOSANDIANSHIDEDILIFENBU、BORUODEWENHUAHUANJINGYIJIHUOQUXINXIQUDAODEDANYIXING,NONGCUNBIAOYUDEFAZHANYICHANGXUNSU,TEBIESHIJIANGUOZHICHUZHI“WENHUADAGEMING”SHIQI,NONGCUNCENGYIDUXIANRULEBIAOYUDE“HAIYANG”,YIN CI,YOURENPINGLUNSHUOWOGUOSHI“BIAOYUZHIGUO”。NONGCUNBIAOYUYOUYUQIJUYOUDUANXIAOJINGLIAN、YIJIYISHI、LANGLANGSHANGKOUDETEDIAN,BEISHOUGUANGDANONGCUNDIQUDETUICHONG,SHINONGMINQUNZHONGXUEXIHELEJIEDANGHEGUOJIAGEXIANGZHENGCEFANGZHENDEZHONGYAOTUJINGHEZHIJIE“JIAOCAI”,SHISHEHUIZHUYIZHENGQUANZAIJICENGSHEHUIZHANGKONGHUAYUQUANLIDEZHONGYAOGONGJU,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJUYOUBUKETIDAIDEGONGNENG。

CONGGUANGYISHANGJIANG,HUAYUSHIZHIYANYUJIAOJIXINGWEITIXIANCHULAIDEYOUCIJUGOUCHENGDEYANYUBIAODAXINGSHI。ZAIFUKEKANLAI,QUANLISHIZHONGYUHUAYUXIANGBANXIANGSUI,ERHUAYUZUIZHONGYEFAZHANCHENGYIZHONGQUANLI,CONGERDUITARENDEXINGWEICHANSHENGKONGZHIHEYUESHUZUOYONG,DUISHEHUISHENGHUOJUYOUSHENTOUZUOYONG。HUAYUJISHIQUANLI,HUAYUJISHIKONGZHI。NONGCUNBIAOYUZUOWEIWOGUOZHILINONGCUNSHEHUIDEYIZHONGSHOUDUAN,YUWOGUODEZHENGZHISHEHUIFAZHANYOUZHEMIQIEDEGUANLIAN,QIBEIHOUFANYINGDESHIGONGGONGQUANLIDEZHUDAOJIAZHIGUANNIANHEZHENGCEZHUZHANG。TOUGUONONGCUNBIAOYUDEYANHUAHEGONGNENGFENXI,TANTAOWOGUONONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIDELINIAN、SHOUDUANHEFANGSHI,KEYIZHESHECHUWOGUONONGCUNSHEHUIDEFAZHANZHUANGKUANG。MUQIANXUEJIEZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIDUIBIAOYUDECHUANBO、YANHUAFAZHANYIJIQIGONGNENGDENGFANGMIANSHANGDEYANJIU。ERTOUGUONONGCUNBIAOYUFENXINONGCUNSHEHUIZHILISUOYUDAODEKUNJING、NONGCUNBIAOYUDECHANSHENGYUNONGCUNSHEHUIZHILICELVEZHIJIANGUANXIDEYANJIUJIAOSHAO。YINCI,BENWENZHELIYUTONGGUODUINONGCUNBIAOYUGONGNENGDEFENXI,JIEHEFUHAOHUDONGLILUN、SHEHUIKONGZHI、HUAYUQUANDENGLILUN,TANTAODANGQIANWOGUONONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIZHONGGUANFANGHUAYUQUANDEKUNJINGJIQIYINGXIANGYINSU,JINERTICHUZENGQIANGGUANFANGHUAYUQUAN、TIGAONONGCUNSHEHUIZHILINENGLIDEDUICEJIANYI,YIQITUIDONGWOGUONONGCUNSHEHUIJIANKANGYOUXUFAZHAN。

二、标语的话语权功能解析

NONGCUNBIAOYUYUYANSHANGJINGLIAN、JIANJIE、TONGSUYIDONG,JUYOUXIANMINGDEMUDEXING、GUDONGXING、ZHIXIANGXING、SHIDAIXINGHEDIYUXINGDENGTEZHENG,ZAINONGCUNSHEQUFAZHANJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONGFAHUIZHEBUKETIDAIDEZUOYONG。TEBIESHIJINRU21SHIJIYILAI,SUIZHEXINNONGCUNJIANSHEHENONGCUNCHENGZHENHUAJINCHENGDEBUDUANJIAKUAI,BIAOYUDUINONGCUNDEFAZHANFAHUIZHEGENGWEITUCHUDEZUOYONG。ZAISHEHUIZHUANXINGQI,BIAOYUKEYIZAIYINGDUIFUZADUOBIANDEWAIBUHUANJINGSHIGONGGUHEZENGQIANGGUANFANGHUAYUZAINONGCUNSHEHUIDEYINGXIANGLI。RU“FAZHANJIUSHIYINGDAOLI”“YIFAZHIGUO,KEJIAOXINGGUO”“FAZHANXIANDAIHUANONGYE,TUIJINXINNONGCUNJIANSHE”“SHENGCHANFAZHAN、SHENGHUOFUYU、XIANGFENGWENMING、CUNRONGZHENGJIE、GUANLIMINZHU”“BAOHUHUANJING,RENRENYOUZE” DENG。ZHEIXIEFUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEZHENGCEHUAYUQIANYIMOHUADIYINGXIANGZHENONGMINQUNTIDEZHENGZHIQINGXIANGYUXINGWEIMOSHI。

BIAOYUDEGONGNENGZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEI: DIYI,ZHENGZHIYINDAOGONGNENG。BIAOYUTIXIANZHEGUOJIADEZHENGZHIDAOXIANG,ZAINONGCUNDIQUTIGAOGUANGDANONGMINQUNZHONGDESIXIANGYISHI,YUGUOJIAFAZHANBAOCHIYIZHIFANGMIANFAHUIZHEBUKETIDAIDEZUOYONG;DIER,ZHENGCEXUANCHUANGONGNENG。NONGCUNBIAOYUSHIGUOJIA“ZHENGCEXIAXIANG”DEGONGJUHEZAITI。NONGCUNBIAOYUFUGAIMIANJIAOGUANG、JUYOUFUHESHOUZHONGRENZHICHENGDUQIEJINGJICHENGBENJIAODIDETEXING,SHIHENONGCUNSHEQUDEZHENGCEXUANCHUAN。JICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIJIANGZHENGCEFAGUIBIANHUANCHENGTONGSUYIDONGDEYUYAN,YIYUGUANGDANONGMINQUNZHONGLEJIEJIESHOU;DISAN,SHEHUIHUAJIAOYUGONGNENG。BIAOYUJISHIRENMENRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGYIZHONGPUBIANDEXINXICHUANBOZAITI,YESHIYINDAOHEJIAOYUGONGMINXINGCHENGZHENGQUEDEJIAZHIGUANDEYIZHONGYOUXIAODEFANGFAHESHOUDUAN。TONGGUOBIAOYUKOUHAO,JICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIDUINONGMINJINXINGJIAOYU,CONGERDADAOYUFANGYUEGUIXINGWEIDEFASHENG,YINDAONONGMINDEXINGDONGFUHESHEHUIGUIFANDEMUDE;DISI,JILIDONGYUANGONGNENG。BUTONGSHIQIDENONGCUNBIAOYUJUYOUBUTONGDEHAOZHAOXINGYUYANHEBIAOQINGDAYIGONGNENG,JICENGXINGZHENGZUZHITONGGUOBIAOYUXIANGNONGMINQUNZHONGCHUANDIBUTONGSHIQIGUOJIADEZHULIUYISHI,DONGYUANRENMINQUNZHONGJIJIXINGDONGQILAI,XIANGYINGDANGHEZHENGFUDEHAOZHAO,ZUODAO“ZISHANGERXIA、ZIXIAERSHANG”DACHENGYIZHI,SHIXIANYUQIDEMUBIAO。

澳门真人赌场KEJIAN,BIAOYUZAINONGCUNSHEHUIFAZHANJINCHENGZHONGFAHUILE“YINDAO、XUANCHUAN、JIAOYU、DONGYUAN”DENGJIJIZUOYONG,DUINONGCUNSHEHUIDEWENDINGYEQIDAOLEXIANZHUDEJIJIZUOYONG。DANSHI,BUFENNONGCUNBIAOYU,RU“DAYUEJIN”“WENHUADAGEMING”DENGSHIQIDEBIAOYU,DUINONGMINQUNZHONGDESIXIANGYISHIJIXINGWEICHANSHENGLEXIAOJIDEYINGXIANG。JISHIZAIDANGQIAN,WOGUONONGCUNDEYIXIEBIAOYUBIAOXIANCHULAIDEQIANGZHIXING、MINGLINGXING、XIEPOXING、BAOLIXINGDENGTEDIANYEBUTONGCHENGDUDICUNZAI,ZHEIXIE“BULIANG”BIAOYUYEFANYINGCHUNONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIZHONGDEYIXIEWUQU,RUNONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIZHUTIDANYI、JICENGXINGZHENGZUZHI“YIYANTANG”DECUBAOSHIJIAZHANGZHIGUANLIFANGSHI、“GUANBENWEI”DEJIAZHIGUANYULUOHOUDEZHIZHENGGUANNIANDENG,ZHEIXIEWENTIDOUDAOZHILE“SHEIBUZHIXINGJIHUASHENGYU,JIUJIAOTAJIAPORENWANG”“FANGHUOSHAOSHAN,LAODIZUOCHUAN”DENGDALIANGBAOLIXINGDE“BULIANG”BIAOYUDECHUXIAN,ZHEILEIBIAOYUBULIYUDANGDELUXIANFANGZHENZHENGCEDEZHENGQUEZHIXING,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGXUERUOLEGUANFANGHUAYUQUAN,YESUNHAILEZHENGFUZAINONGMINQUNZHONGZHONGDEWEIXIN。

三、标语现象映射出的官方话语权困境

NONGCUNBIAOYUZUOWEIDANGHEZHENGFUZAINONGCUNDIQUZHANGKONGHUAYUQUAN、XUANCHUANGEXIANGFANGZHENZHENGCEDEZHONGYAOZAITI,QISHIZHIJIUSHIDUINONGMINQUNZHONGDEJIAZHIGUANNIANJIXINGWEIGUIFANJINXINGYOUXIAODERUANKONGZHI。YIFANGMIAN,TONGGUOXUANCHUANDANGHEGUOJIADEGEXIANGFANGZHENZHENGCE,YINDAONONGMINQUNZHONGJIAZHIGUANNIANDEXINGCHENG; LINGYIFANGMIAN,TONGGUONONGCUNBIAOYUDEWENHUAZHIRU,QIANGHUALEGUOJIADUINONGCUNDIQUDEYINGXIANG,JINERSHIXIANDUINONGCUNSHEHUIDEZHILI。NONGCUNBIAOYUZAISHEHUIZHUANXINGQIFAHUIDEHUAYUZHANGKONGZUOYONGBUDUANRUOHUA,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHESHECHULENONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIZHONGGUANFANGHUAYUQUANDEKUNJING,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

农村社会治理的内生动力不足

ZHANGQIYILAI,WOGUONONGCUNSHEHUICHENGXIANCHUNEISHENGXINGDONGLIBUZUDEZHUANGKUANG,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIFAZHANSHIYIGUOJIAZHENGCEWEIDAOXIANGDE,JIYI“WAIYUAN”LILIANGLAITUIDONG,ZHEIYANGDEFAZHANZHISHIYIZHONG“QIANRUSHIFAZHAN”DEMOSHI,ERFEINEISHENGXINGDEFAZHAN。GUOJIADONGYONGQIQIANGDADEXUANCHUANJIQI,YIKAOWAILIJIZHIGOUJIANQIXIANGDUIWENDINGDEHUAYUQUANTIXI。DANZAISHEHUIZHUANXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIECENGFENHUADENGYINSUHUIDAOZHIYUANYOUDEHUAYUQUANTIXIZHUBUWAJIE,ERNONGCUNSHEHUINEIBUDEHUAYUQUANJIANGOUNENGLIHAIBUZUYIJIXUWEICHIGUANFANGDEQUANWEI,ZHISHINONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIDANXINGBUZU。

澳门真人赌场BIAOYUZUOWEINONGCUNDEYIZHONGWENHUAXIANXIANG,ZAICHUANDIGUOJIAZHENGCEFANGMIANQIDAODONGYUAN、XUANCHUANDEZUOYONG,TONGSHITAYESHIYIZHONGZHENGZHIKONGZHISHOUDUAN,TONGGUOWENZIFUHAOJIANGGUOJIADESHEHUIZHILILINIANSHENTOUDAONONGMINSIXIANGYISHIZHONG。DANYOUYUBUFENBIAOYUBIAOXIANCHUDIANXINGDEBAOLIQINGXIANG,SHIDENONGMINZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGWUSHIBINGRENTONGZHEIZHONG“HEFAHUA”DEJIAZHILINIAN,CONGERHUSHILENONGMINZISHENCHUANGZAOXINGYUZHUDONGXINGDEFAHUI,NANYIJIANLIYOUXIAODELIYIBIAODAJIZHI,ZAOCHENGQIZAINONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIZHONGDECANYUCHENGDUJIAODI。WEILAIWOGUONONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIDEMUBIAOSHIYAOSHIXIAN“SHANZHI”,JIUYAOYINDAONONGMINBINGXINGCHENGYIZHONGNEISHENGXINGYUZIFAXINGDEZIZHILILIANG,ZUIDACHENGDUDICANYUNONGCUNZHILI。

基层行政组织宣传手段单一

ZHANGQIYILAI,CHULEGUANGBO、HEIBANBAODENGXINGSHIWAI,BIAOYURENGSHINONGCUNJICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIGUANLINONGCUNSHEHUIHEXUANCHUANDANGHEGUOJIAZHENGCEFAGUIJIQITAXINXIDEYIZHONGZHUYAOFANGSHI。DANSHIZAIXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONG,NONGCUNJICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIZHISHIJIANDANDIBAGUOJIAFANGZHENZHENGCEYIBIAOYUDEXINGSHIZHANXIANCHULAI,JINGUANBIAOYUZAIYUYANSHANGJUYOUJINGLIAN、JIANJIE、TONGSUYIDONG、HEZHEYAYUNDETEZHENG,DANHENNANHANGAIGUOJIAFANGZHENZHENGCEFENGFUDENEIHAN,TONGSHIYEHULVELEXIANGNONGMINQUNZHONGJINXINGXITONGXIANGSHIDEXUANCHUAN。ZHANGQIYILAIZAINONGCUNXUANCHUANSHEHUIFAZHANZHENGCEDEFANGSHI,YIZHISHIYANZHE“ZISHANGERXIA”DELUJINGZHANKAI,BINGYIFUYUQUANLITIXIYUXINGZHENGZHIDUDEYUNXING,DANGHEGUOJIADEZHENGCECHUANDIQUDAOBUCHANGTONG,SHIDENONGMINHENNANZHENSHIDILEJIEDAODANGHEGUOJIADEGEXIANGFANGZHENZHENGCE。JISHITONGGUOBIAOYU,NONGMINDUIDANGHEGUOJIADEFANGZHENZHENGCEYEZHISHIYIZHIBANJIE,ZHANGCIYIWANGRUOHUALEQIDUIJICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIDESHEHUIRENTONGHEXINREN。

农村社会动员缺乏完善的机制

CHUANTONGSHEHUIZHONG“SHEHUIDONGYUAN”JUYOUJIZHONGHUATEZHENG,SIXIANGDAODEHEXINGWEIFANGSHIYOUMINGQUETONGYIDEDINGWEI,YIBIAOYUWEIZHUYAODONGYUANFANGSHIZHIYIDEZHENGFUSHENGYINCHUANDIJUYOUJITIHUAFUCONGDENEIHANXINGTEZHENG,DUIXINGWEIJIAZHIDESUZAOXIAOGUOJIAOWEIYOUXIAO。ERXIANDAISHEHUIZEYUNHANZHESIXIANG、JIAZHIDEDUOYUANHUAQUXIANG,NONGCUNSHEQUNENGGOUTONGGUODUOZHONGMEIJIELEJIEDAOZHENGFUZHENGCEDONGTAI,BIAOYUZUOWEIFUZHUSHOUDUANQIANGHUALEZHULIUDAZHONGCHUANMEIDEZUOYONG。

SUIZHEGAIGEKAIFANGDEBUDUANSHENRUHESHICHANGJINGJIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,NONGCUNSHEHUIDEDONGYUANJIZHIZAINEIRONGFANGMIANRIYICHENGXIANCHUDUOYANGHUA,JIBAOKUOZHENGZHIFANGMIAN,YEBAOKUOJINGJI、WENHUA、SHENGTAIDENGFANGMIAN,ERZAISHEHUIDONGYUANDESHOUDUANJIFANGSHISHANGRENGJIUSHIYIBIAOYUWEIZHU。GAIGEKAIFANGZHIQIANTEBIESHI“WENHUADAGEMING”SHIQI,BIAOYUZUOWEINONGCUNSHEHUIDEZHUYAODONGYUANSHOUDUANHEFANGSHIFAHUILEJUZUQINGZHONGDEZUOYONG,XUANCHUANDANGHEGUOJIADEFANGZHENZHENGCE,ZAIJIAODACHENGDUSHANGYINGXIANGLENONGMINDESIXIANGGUANNIANHEXINGWEIFANGSHI,YINERDONGYUANXIAOGUOJIAOWEIMINGXIAN。SUIZHEXINXIHUASHIDAIDEDAOLAI,NONGCUNSHEHUIGEJIECENGZAIWUZHIXUQIU、SIXIANGGUANNIAN、JIAZHIQUXIANGYIJIJINGSHENWENHUADENGFANGMIANDOURIYIBIAOXIANCHUXIANMINGDEDUOYANGXING、CHAYIXINGHEXUANZEXING,BIAOYUZHEIZHONGJIANDANHUADEDONGYUANSHOUDUANHEFANGSHIYIJINGWUFAMANZUNONGCUNSHEHUIDONGYUANDEXUYAO,QIXIAONENGCHENGXIANCHUMINGXIANDERUOHUA。

政府社会政策面临考验

澳门真人赌场BUTONGNIANDAIDEXUANCHUANBIAOYUZHESHECHULEZHONGGUOGONGGONGZHENGCEFAZHANDEGUIJIYULUJINGBIANQIAN,DUIBUTONGSHIQIDETONGZHIXINGXUANCHUANBIAOYUJINXINGBIJIAO,HUIFAXIANSHEHUIZHENGCEZAILIANXUXINGHEWENDINGXINGZHONGCUNZAIDEYIXIEWENTI。YIJIHUASHENGYUZHENGCEDEXUANCHUANBIAOYUWEILI,20SHIJI80NIANDAIDEZHENGCEXUANCHUANBIAOYUWEI“JIHUASHENGYUHAO,ZHENGFULAIYANGLAO”,90NIANDAIWEI“JIHUASHENGYUHAO,ZHENGFUBANGYANGLAO”,21SHIJICHUXUANCHUANBIAOYUWEI“YANGLAOBUNENGKAOZHENGFU”,KEYIKANCHUZHENGCEDEBIANHUA。GONGGONGZHENGCESHIZHENGFUYIJUTEDINGSHIQIDEMUBIAO,TONGGUODUISHEHUIZHONGGEZHONGLIYIDEXUANZEYUZHENGHE,ZAIZHUIQIUZENGJINYUGONGPINGFENPEISHEHUILIYIDEGUOCHENGZHONGZHIDINGDEXINGWEIZHUNZE。GONGGONGZHENGCEXUYAOZAIZHENGHESHEHUILIYIYUZENGJINGONGPINGZHIJIANZUOCHUSHIDUDIAOZHENG,QIDIAOZHENGYUBULIANXUSHIBUKEBIMIANDE。DANSHI,RUGUOGONGGONGZHENGCEBUNENGWEICHIYIZHONGCHANGTAIDELIANXUXING,ZEHUIZAISHEHUIRENTONGHEZHENGCERENTONGZHONGCHUXIANHELIXINGWEIJI。ZHONGGUOMUQIANCHUYUSHEHUIZHUANXINGQI,WEIMANZUXINSHENGQUNTIDUILIYIDEYAOQIU,BIXUTONGGUODIAOZHENGZHENGCEJINXINGLIYIFENPEIGEJUBIANGE,SHEHUIZHENGCEBULIANXUXINGHENNANGUIBI。JIHUASHENGYUXUANCHUANBIAOYUDEBIANGENGTIXIANLEBUTONGSHIQIZHENGFUGONGGONGZHENGCEDEDIAOZHENG,ERDANGJINNONGCUNDIQUSHEHUIBAOZHANGCHANPINGONGJIBUZU,NONGCUNYANGLAOWENTIBINGMEIYOUDEDAOSHIZHIXINGJIEJUE,ZHEIYIXIANSHIWUYISHIZHENGCEWUXIAODEYIZHONGTIXIAN,YOUCIMINZHONGDUIZHENGFUZHILIDEHELIXINGYIJIDUIPUBIANSHEHUIZHENGCEDEXINRENJUNHUICHUXIANWEIJI。 SI、DAOZHINONGCUNSHEHUIGUANFANGHUAYUQUANKUNJINGDEYINSUSUIZHEGAIGEKAIFANGHESHICHANGJINGJIDESHENRU,YIJICHENGZHENHUAFAZHANDEJINCHENG,NONGCUNSHEHUIJINGJIBUDUANFAZHAN,DANSHIYOUYUCHENGXIANGERYUANJIEGOUDEZHANGQIBINGCUN,NONGCUNJINGJIFAZHANYUANYUANLUOHOUYUCHENGSHI,CHENGXIANGZHIJIANDECHAJUJIAODA。NONGCUNSHEHUIDEGUANFANGHUAYUQUANMIANLINZHEZHUDUOKUNJING,QIYINGXIANGYINSURUXIA:

社会政策向农村传输的效用低

DANGHEGUOJIAGUANYUNONGCUNSHEHUIFAZHANDEZHENGCEGUANHUNONGCUNSHEHUIDEZHANGZHIJIUAN,ERZAINONGCUN,NONGMINDUIDANGHEGUOJIADEFANGZHENZHENGCEDADUOBULEJIE,FANGZHENZHENGCEBUNENGYOUXIAODICHUANDIJIGUANGDANONGMIN,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN: SHOUXIAN,ZHENGCEXUANCHUANFANGSHIDEDANYIXING。

YOUYUDIFANGXINGZHENGZUZHICUNZAIYIDINGDEXUANCHUANDUOXING,QIZAIXUANCHUANGUOJIAFANGZHENZHENGCESHIWANGWANGXIGUANXINGDICAIQUSHEZHIJITIAOBIAOYUDEXUANCHUANFANGSHI,ERHENSHAOTONGGUOSHENTOUDEXUANJIANGRANGNONGMINLEJIEGUOJIADEFANGZHENHEZHENGCE,YINERNONGMINQUNZHONGDADUOSHITONGGUOBIAOYUZHANGWOGUOJIADEZHENGCE,XINXIHUOQUQUDAOJIAOWEIDANYI,ZHEIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGZAOCHENGLENONGMINQUNZHONGQUEFADUIDANGHEGUOJIAZHENGCEDELEJIEDEJUMIAN; QICI,SUIRANBIAOYUJUYOUJIANYUEDETEZHENG,NENGGOUWEIGUANGDANONGMINQUNZHONGSUOJIESHOUHELIJIE,DANJINKAOJITIAOBIAOYUSHIWUFAQUANMIANFANYINGDANGHEGUOJIADEFANGZHENZHENGCE,TEBIESHIQUANMIANFANYINGZHENGZHI、JINGJI、WENHUADENGGEFANGMIANXINXI,CHENGXIANFANGSHIDEJUXIANXING,ZHISHINONGMINBUNENGQUANMIANLEJIEQIFENGFUDENEIHAN,YINGXIANGQICANYUSHEHUIXINGDONGDEJIJIXING,ZUIZHONGZHINENGBEIDONGDIJIESHOU,CHENGWEISHEHUIBIANYUANHUADEQUNTI; TONGSHI,BIAOYUXUANCHUANHAIJUYOUYIDINGDEZHIHOUXING,YOUQIZAIPIANYUANDENONGCUNDIQU,ZHEIZHONGXINXIDECHUANDIGENBENWUFAMANZUSHEHUIFAZHANYUSHIJUJINDESHIXIAOXINGYUANZE,BUNENGJISHIBAGUOJIADEDAZHENGFANGZHENCHUANDIJIGUANGDANONGMIN; CHUCIZHIWAI,BIAOYUZHANXIANGENGXINFEIJISHIXING,YOUXIEBIAOYUYIDANZAICUNTOUSHANGQIANGJIUYILAOYONGYI,ZHIJIEDAOZHILENONGCUNJUMINDEMOSHI。

地方政府对基层工作缺乏有效指导

NONGCUNGEDIBIAOYUJIHURUCHUYIZHE,ZAIYIDINGSHIQIHEYIDINGJIEDUAN,QINEIRONGJUYOUHENQIANGDETONGZHIXING,ZHEIZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGYEFANYINGCHUDIFANGZHENGFUJICENGGONGZUOKAIZHANDEBUDELI。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEI: DIYI,ZHENGCEZAISHANGCHUANXIADAZHIXINGGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANYIDAOQIEXIANXIANG。YOUYUDANGHEGUOJIAFANGZHENZHENGCEDEZHIDINGJUYOUPUBIANXINGYUANZE,ERGEDIQUNONGCUNFAZHANDESHIJIZHUANGKUANGXIANGCHASHENYUAN,YINCIGEDIFANGZHENGFUZAIZHENGCEZHIXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONGYINGJIEHEDANGDIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANXIANZHUANG,JUTIDIZHIDINGCHUFUHEDANGDIFAZHANDEGUIHUA。ERCONGNONGCUNBIAOYUBIAOXIANCHUDEGAODUTONGZHIXINGLAIKAN,GEDIFANGZHENGFUZHISHIANBUJIUBANDIZHIXINGGUOJIAZHENGCEXUANCHUANDEYAOQIU,QUEFAZHUDONGXINGYUCHUANGXINXING,XUDUOBIAOYUYUSHIJITUOGUI,HUSHILEDANGDIZHIXINGZHENGCEDEJICHUTIAOJIAN,YINERDAOZHILEYOUXIENONGCUNDIQUQUEFAHUOLI、NONGCUNFAZHANQUEFANEISHENGXING,YINGXIANGLENONGCUNSHEHUIDEFAZHAN; DIER,ZHENGCEZHIXINGGUOCHENGZHONGQUEFAJIANDUHEGUANLI。ZAIZHENGCEZHIXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,GEJIZHENGFUQUEFAQIANGYOULIDEJIANGUANJIGOULAIZHUANMENFUZEZHIDAO、JIANCHAHEJIANDUGEZHONGZHENGCEDEGUANCHELUOSHIQINGKUANG。ZHIYOUQIANQIBUZHIGONGZUO,MEIYOUHOUQIJIANGUANGONGZUO。MEIMEIYOUXINZHENGCECHUTAI,ZHISHIXIAFAYIXILIEDEXIANGGUANWENJIAN,BANBUXINGUIDINGHUOCHENGLIXINJIGOU,ERJIAOSHAOPINGGUZHEIXIEZHENGCEDEZHIXINGQINGKUANG; DISAN,ZHENGCEZHIXINGZHONGCHUXIANYIZHENFENGXIANXIANG。CONGBUTONGSHIQIGEDIQUBIAOYUDEGAODUTONGZHIXINGKEYIKANCHU,ZAITONGYISHIQI,GEDIQUZHIXINGDEZHENGCEJIHUYIYANG,GEDIFANGZHENGFUWANGWANGGUANCHEGUOJIADANGQIANZUIXINDEZHENGCEZHILING,GUOJIACHUTAISHENMEZHENGCEJIULIJIXUANCHUANZHIXINGSHENMEZHENGCE。JIAZHIGUOJIADUIZHENGCEZHIXINGQUEFAYIDINGDEJIANDUTIXI,DAOZHILEGEXIANGZHENGCEZAIGEDIQUZHIXINGDE“LAIYEYIZHENFENG,QUYEYIZHENFENG”XIANXIANG,ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGZAINONGCUNZHONGQIANGTIBIAOYUZHONGBIAOXIANZUIWEIMINGXIAN。ZHEIDAOZHILEZHENGCEZHIXINGDEBUKECHIXUXING,YANZHONGLANGFEILEGEDIQUDERENLI、WULI、CAILI,QUEMEIYOUQUDEYINGYOUDECHENGXIAO,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGYEYINGXIANGLENONGMINQUNZHONGJIANSHEXINNONGCUNDEZIXINXIN。

基层行政组织引导能力不足

澳门真人赌场ZAINONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIMEIYOUZHENZHENGJIANGNONGMINDANGZUONONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIDEZHUTI,ERSHIDANGZUOKETILAIKANDAI,BINGSHIZHONGBAZIJIDEJIAOSEDINGWEIWEI“LINGDAOZHE”,ERBANONGMINDANGCHENG“BEIGUANLI”DEDUIXIANG。ZHEIJIUHUSHILEXINGZHENGZUZHIZUOWEIGUOJIAZHIGONGQIDEZUOYONG,MEIYOUZHENZHENGYIFAZHANDIFANGJINGJI、FUWUGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGZUOWEIZHUYAORENWU。ZHEIZHONG“GUANBENWEI”ZHUYIJIAZHIGUANZAOCHENGNONGMINZAINONGCUNSHEHUIZHILIZHONGDEQUEWEI,TONGSHINONGMINQUESHAOYOUXIAODELIYIBIAODAJIZHI,ZUIZHONGDAOZHINONGMINQUNZHONGDUIJICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIGUANLICHANSHENGYIZHONGMOSHIDEXINLI,TAMENBUCANYU、BUPEIHEJICENGXINGZHENGZUZHISUOJINXINGDEGONGZUO,SHIDEJICENGGONGZUONANYIYOUXIAODIKAIZHAN。

五、社会转型期增强农村社会官方话语权的路径

完善基层治理机制的治理方式

ZHONGGUONONGCUN“CUNMINZIZHI”ZHIDUDESHISHIGAIBIANLENONGMINDUIGUOJIADEYIFUCHENGDU,BIMIANLEGUOJIADUINONGCUNSHIWUDEZHIJIEGANYU,GUOJIAQUANLISHUAIBIANDETONGSHIYEYILAIYUJICENGZUZHISHIXIANGUOJIAYIZHI。GUOJIAZHENGCESHENGYINDECHUANDIYANZHE“ZHONGYANG—DIFANGZHENGFU—CUNMINZIZHIZUZHI”DELUJINGSHISHI,NONGCUNSHEQUDEZHENGCEXUANCHUANYUQIANGHUAZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGYILAIYUJICENGZUZHI,“QIANGZHENGFU—RUOSHEHUI”DEJIEGOUZHENGZAIFASHENGBIANHUA,GUOJIAZAIZHIDUZHICHENGFANGMIANDEJUCUODUIZHEIYIJINCHENGQIDAOCUIHUAJIDEZUOYONG,JICENGZUZHIFAYUBUZUZAIYIDINGSHIQINEINANYIXINGCHENG“XIAOZHENGFU、DASHEHUI”DEGEJU。DANSHI,DIFANGZHENGQUANZHISUOYINENGGOUZAIFUMIANPINGJIAZHIZHONGRENGCHENGDANZHEDIFANGSHEHUIDEZHENGHEHEGUANLI,GUANJIANZAIYUGUOJIABAITUOBULEDUITADEYILAIERQIEGENGDUODESHEHUIJIANZHIRENGJIANGQUANLIFENPEIJIJICENG。ZHONGGUONONGCUNDEWENDINGSHIYOUYUDIFANGJICENGZHENGQUANBUJINSHIYONGLEGUOJIAQUANLIDEHUAYU,GENGWEIZHONGYAODESHIJICENGYESHIYONGLEDIFANGQUANLIDEWENHUAWANGLUO,LIYONGLEDIFANGXINGZHISHILAIWANCHENGGUOJIADEZHENGSHIMINGLING。CONGZHEIGEJIAODUJINXINGSHENSHI,JICENGZUZHISHIZHENGSHIZHIDUYUDIFANGSHIJIANSHIXIANDUIJIEDEQIAOLIANG。

JICENGWEIZHUTIDEBIAOYUDONGYUANYUXUANCHUANXUYAOXUERUODUIGUOJIADEYILAIZUOYONG,ERSHIXIANSHEHUIHUADE“CANYU”YU“DONGYUAN”,TIGAOSHEHUIZIZHUXING。ZAIZHENGFUBIAOYUSHEJIHUANJIE,ANZHAO“CANYUSHI”ZHILIDESILU,QIANGDIAOZHILISHUANGFANGDIWEIDEPINGDENGYUHUDONG,CONGERCHENGWEIXIANDAIZHENGFUZHILIDEGAIGEFANGXIANG,JICENGZHENGFUZUZHIZAICAIYONGBIAOYUZUOWEIZHENGCEXUANCHUANGONGJUSHIYINGGAICHONGFENLIYONGCUNMINZIZHIXITONGZAIDIAODONGMINZHONGFANGMIANDEYOUSHI,XINASHEHUILILIANGHESHEQUZIYUAN,BAITUODANXIANGDUZHIDU“ZISHANGERXIA”SHEJIDESILU,JIANLIQIRENMINQUNZHONGDE“HUAYUQUAN”,DALAOMINZHONGCANYUDEJICHU,CONGXIETONGZHENGFUXUYAOHEYOUXIAOZHILIDEJIAODU,DUIYIBIAOYUWEIZAITIDEZHENGCEGONGJUZUOCHUSHENSHIHEXUANZE。JIURUXUEZHEXIAOLOUSUOJIANG,BIAOYUDONGYUANXUYAOJICENGSHISHICELVEXINGXUANZE,SHIXIANGUOJIAYIZHIDEZHUDONGBIAODAHESHEQUYIYUANDEJIANJIEXIANLU,JIAORONGGUOJIAFADINGGUIZEHECHUANTONGSHEHUIDEFALI,CONGERYINDAOCUNZHUANGZHENGZHIKONGJIANDETUOZHANHEZHENGQUANDEROUXINGHUA。

与时俱进进行社会动员方式的调整

澳门真人赌场SHEHUIDONGYUANBEISHIWEIJIYOUDESHEHUI、JINGJI、XINLIYIWUSHOUDAOQINSHIERBENGKUI,GETIHUODEXINDESHEHUIHUAMOSHIHEXINGWEIMOSHIDEGUOCHENG。ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGDEDONGYUANMOSHIYUANYU“GEMING”SHIQIDEDONGYUANTIZHI,XINGCHENGLEXINGZHENGQUANLIJIANGOUHEMINZHONGCANYUXIANGPINGXINGDEZHIDUHUAKUANGJIA,ZAIZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHONG,NONGMINDEGUOJIAYISHIZHUBUXINGCHENG。XINGZHENGKONGZHIHEGUOJIAQUANLISHENTOUYUSHEHUISHENGHUODEZHUDUOLINGYU,GUOJIAYOUCISHIXIANDUIJICENGDEGUANXIA,ZHEIYIGUOCHENGTONGGUODUZANQIDE“QUANLI”“WENHUA”“GUOJIA”DESANGEWEIDUFENXIDEDAOCHANSHI。YOUYUCHUANTONGBIAOYUSHEHUIDONGYUANJUYOUJIZHONGTONGYIXING,YIJINGBASIXIANGDAODEHEXINGWEIDEYAOQIU、QUXIANGZUOLEMINGQUEDINGWEI,YIBANBUXUYAORENMENJINXINGBIJIAOHEXUANZE,DONGYUANSUOCHANSHENGDEJIEGUOBIJIAOLIXIANG。BAOKUOBIAOYUZAINEIDEZHENGCEXUANCHUANGONGJUYUTEDINGDEZHENGCE、SHEHUISHIJIANHUODONGJIEHEZAIYIQI,DAIYOUYIDINGZHENGCEQIANGZHIXINGHEQUANLIKONGZHIDELUOYIN,TIXIANLEYIGESHIDAIDETEZHENG。XUEZHETANGXIANXINGZHICHU,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUDUINONGCUNSHEQUDEZHILILEIXINGSHUYUDIANXINGDEYUNDONGSHIZHILIMOSHI,BINGCHENGWEICHANGTAIHUADEZHILIMOSHI,ZHEIZHONGZHENGCEGONGJUDEXUANZETONGCHANGSHIJIYUCHUANTONGDEGUANXINGSIWEI,HUOZHESHIJIYUJINGYANDECAICE。

澳门真人赌场DANSHI,ZAIZHONGGUONONGCUNSHEHUIFAZHANYUZHUANXINGDEBEIJINGXIA,ZHURU“SHEIYUZHENGFUDUIZHEGAN,DANGSHIJIUJIAOSHEINANKAN”“JITISHANGFANGWEIFA,YUEJISHANGFANGKECHI”YILEIDEBIAOYUZAINONGCUNDIQUYIRANCUNZAI,TAYINGSHECHUZHENGFUGUANLIZHONGSUOSHENTOUDEQIANGSHISECAI,CHONGCHIZHECHENGFA、BAO LI、QIANGQUANDEBIAOYURONGYIRANGMINZHONGCHANSHENGBUXINRENDEGANJUE,NANYIRANGGONGMINSHENGHUACHUZERENGANYUZHURENWENGYISHI,YEBULIYUZHENGCEDEXUANCHUANHEZHIXING。“CHUANTONG—XIANDAI”ERYUANGEJUDEBIANQIAN,DAOZHIRENMENZAISIXIANGDAODE、WUZHISHENGHUOHEXINGWEIZHUNZEFANGMIANFASHENGJUDABIANHUA,JIAZHIQUXIANGYIZHIXINGZENGQIANG,CHENGXIANDUOYUANHUAGEJU。YINCI,BIAOYUXUANCHUANYINGGAIBENZHEYUSHIJUJINDEYUANZE,ZUNZHONGNONGCUNSHEQUCONGCHUANTONGSHURENSHEHUIXIANGXIANDAIBANSHURENSHEHUIZHUANXINGDEXIANSHI,CAIYONGHESHI、HESHIYIDESHEHUIDONGYUANFANGSHIJINXINGSHEQUDONGYUANHESHEHUIZHILI。

重塑基层行政组织文化与伦理

澳门真人赌场LUOERSIZAI《ZHENGYILUN》ZHONGZHICHU,YIGERENDEZHIZEHEYIWUYUXIANJIADINGLEYIZHONGDUIZHIDUDEDAODEGUAN,YINCI,ZAIDUIGERENDEYAOQIUNENGGOUTICHUZHIQIAN,BIXUQUEDINGZHENGYIZHIDUDENEIRONG。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,ZAIDADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIA,YOUGUANZHIZEHEYIWUDEYUANZEYINGDANGZAIDUIYUSHEHUIJIBENJIEGOUDEYUANZEQUEDINGZHIHOUZAIQUEDING。JICENGXINGZHENGZUZHICHUYUXINGZHENGTIXIZHONGDEMODUAN,YUNONGCUNSHEQUJUMINDESHUXICHENGDUGAO,YINERZAIRUHEXUANZEZUISHIHENONGCUNDEZHENGCEZHIXINGGONGJU、RUHEJINXINGQUANLIZHIXINGFANGMIANDOUJIAOWEIYOUJINGYAN。DUIYU“YEWAIFANGHUO,ZHUAZHUZUOLAO”“FEICHEQIANGJIE,DANGCHANGJIBI”ZHEIYILEIDAIYOUQIANGZHIXING、CHENGFAYIWEIDEBIAOYU,YOUXIEJICENGXINGZHENGRENYUANJIANGQIJIESHIWEINONGMINWENHUASUZHIDI,BIAODAZHIJIEDEBIAOYUGENGRONGYIWEINONGMINSUOLIJIE,QIDAOXINGWEIYUESHUZUOYONG。ZAICIXUYAOZHICHUDESHI,JICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIZUNXUNLEMUDEXINGLUNLI,BINGJIANGQISHIWEILINGJIAYUZERENLUNLIZHISHANGDEZHIZHENGSHOUZE,ZHEIZHONGGUANNIANSHIYOUWENTIDE,ZERENLUNLIYUMUDELUNLISHUANGGUANQIXIACAINENGGOUSHIYINGSHEHUIDEFAZHANXUQIU。

澳门真人赌场YINCI,ZHONGSUJICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIWENHUAYULUNLIPOZAIMEIJIE,QIANGHUAZHIZHENGWEIMINDELINIAN,ZAIZHIZHENGSHIJIANZHONGJIANXINGZHIDUKUANGJIANEIDEJIAZHIGUIFAN,JIANXINGSHEHUIZHENGYI。JICENGXINGZHENGZUZHIJINXINGZHENGCEXUANCHUANXUYAOSHENSHISHEHUIZHENGCEDEDAODESHIJIAO,XUYAOZHENGSHIZHILIDEGONGJUZHUYIDAOXIANGCHANSHENGDEXIAOJIYINGXIANG,JIDUIZHENGCEGONGJU、SHOUDUAN、XIAONENGDEQIANGDIAOERHULVESHEHUIZHENGCEBEIHOUDEJIAZHI、LUNLICENGMIANHEDAODESHIJIAO,CONGERCHANSHENGXIAOYONGQUESHI。WENHUAHELUNLIDEZHONGJIANSHIXITONGHUADEJIEGOUXINGDIAOZHENG,TONGSHIXUYAOXINGZHENGZHIDUGAIGEZUOWEIZHICHENG,ZHENGFUZAIXIANGZHENCENGMIANXUYAOJINXINGZHIDUBIANGE,ZENGQIANGJICENGZHENGFUDEDULIXINGHEZIZUXING,TONGSHIRUOHUAJICENGZHENGFUKECENGZHIDEJIXIAOKAOHE,QIANGHUAGONGGONGFUWUDEJIESHOUFANGDUIJICENGZHENGFUDEFUWUXIAONENGCELIANG。

构建从“管理”到“善治”的农村社会治理路径

澳门真人赌场YUKEPINGTICHANGDE“SHANZHI”LILUNCHAOYUELEYIBANDEZHENGZHIZHEXUEFANCHOU,SHIYONGQUANXINDESHIJIAOHEGAINIANFANCHOUJIESHILEZHENGFUYUGONGMINSHEHUIDEPINGHENGGUANXI,GOUZAOLEGUOJIAYUGONGMINSHEHUIGUANXIDEZUIYOUMOXING,JIANGSHEHUIZHILISHIWEICUJINGONGGONGLIYIZUIDAHUADESHEHUIGUANLIGUOCHENG,CHENGWEIGUANGWEIRENKEDEFENXIFANSHIBINGYICILAIJIEJUEZHENGFUSHILINGDAILAIDEYIXILIEWENTI。BUKEFOURENDESHI,SUIZHEZHONGGUOSHEHUIYOUCHUANTONGXIANGXIANDAISHEHUIDEZHUANXING,NONGMINDEQUANLIYISHIYUMINZHUYISHIBUDUANTISHENG,ZHEIJIUXUYAONONGCUNSHEQUZHONGJIANGONGGONGQUANWEIHEZHONGGOUGONGGONGZHIXU,CHUANTONGDEGUANLIYUBEIGUANLIDEBUDUICHENGSILUWUFAWEISHEHUIGUANLITIGONGYOUXIAODEFANGFAHELUJING。JIUBIAOYUERYAN,HENDUONONGCUNBIAOYUYUYANQIANGYING,SUIRANCHANSHENGLEYIDINGDEWEISHEZUOYONG,DANSHIQUESHAODUIZHILISHUANGFANGPINGDENGHUDONGDEKAOLIANG,QIEGUODUMIXINQIANGZHIXING、GUIZEYIJICHENGFAZAIJIEJUESHEHUIWENTIFANGMIANBIAOXIANCHUDEYOUXIAOXING。

澳门真人赌场“YANGERBUDUSHU,BURUYANGTOUZHU”ZHEIYANGBIAODAQIANTUODEBIAOYUBEIHOUYINZANGDEXIAOJIJIAZHIGUANYUBIAOYUFAZHANJIAOYUDEJIJIMUBIAOXIANGBEILI。ZHURU“YIRENCHAOSHENG,QUANCUNJIEZHA”YILEIDEBUQIADANGBIAOYU,YINGSHECHULEJICENGGUANLIDECUGUANG、QIANGSHI,YIJIYUMINZHONGDEDIWEIBUDUIDENG。BAOLIXINGBIAOYUBEILILEBIAOYUDEXUANCHUANYINDAOGONGNENGDEZUICHUMUBIAO,JIUXIANSHIGONGNENGERYAN,ZAICHUANTONGSHEHUIDEYIDINGSHIQINEIQIDAOLEWEISHEZUOYONG,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYUFANGLEWEIFA、WEIGUI、FANZUI、YUEGUIXINGWEIDEFASHENG,DANSHIQIHUAYUBIAODATIXIYIJINGYUANYUANBUNENGSHIYINGDANGXIAZHENGFUZHILIDEQINGJINGYUXUQIU。BIAOYUXUANCHUANXUYAOZHENGFUZAIZUNZHONGGONGGONGLINGYUWENTIFUZAXINGDEQIANTIXIAXUANZEHESHIDEXUANCHUANKOUHAOYUGONGJU,GOUJIANZHENGFUYUMINZHONGZHIJIANZHENZHENGDEPINGDENG、XIESHANG,TONGLIHEZUOJIEJUESHEHUIWENTI,BINGJINXINGYOUXIAOQIEYOUCHENGYIDEDUIHUAYUGOUTONG。XUYAOJIANGBIAOYUSHIWEIGUOJIASHEHUIZHENGCEXIANGXIANGCUNSHEQUCHUANDIDEGONGJUHEZAITI,ERFEIYIGUIJIEYUCHENGFAWEIHOUDUNDEQIANGZHIXINGDEXINGZHENGZHILING。

ZAIZHENGCEZHIDINGHELUOSHIHUANJIE,BIAOYUCHENGZAIDESHIZHENGFUYUMINZHONGZHIJIANZHENCHENGDEGOUTONG,ZHENGCEDESHISHIXUYAOJIANLIZAIGUANGFANMINZHONGZIXIAERSHANGCANYUDEJICHUZHISHANG,ERBUSHIYILAIYUQIANGZHIHEZHICAIDELILIANG,ZHEIYANGCAINENGSHIXIANZHENGFUYUSHEHUIZHIJIANZHANGQI、WENDINGDEHUDONGYUHEZUO。

龚晓洁(济南大学 政法学院,山东 济南 250022

[责任编辑:杨凡、苏佳]

想爆料?请登录《阳光连线》( )、拨打新闻热线或96678,或登录齐鲁网官方微博()提供新闻线索。齐鲁网广告热线澳门真人赌场,诚邀合作伙伴。

特色小镇企业在新三板挂牌和融资研究

特色小镇要有鲜明的产业形态,而产业的发展需要大量资金,资本市场则是特色小镇建设和企业发展的重要融资渠道。[详细]
齐鲁网 2021-04-17

大智被评为“济南市先进基层党组织”

07月01日,济南市庆祝中国共产党成立98周年暨表彰大会在龙奥大厦召开。会上,大智教育集团党委被评为“济南市先进基层党组织”,山东省委常...[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-07-03

核心素养成为了大智教育课程的代名词

大智教育集团首席教学官近日谈大智教育的课堂教学指出,新版《课程标准》高度凝练了学科核心素养,意味着学科教学开启育人崭新时代,明确了...[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-06-28

大智教育政治研究院院长眼中的“思政课”

大智教育政治研究院院长在谈到03月18日召开的学校思想政治理论课教师座谈会时,指出,就像在平静的池塘投下一颗巨石,激起千层波浪,为思政...[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-06-28

大智教育讲师“变形记”

拥有一支庞大的高品质讲师队伍是大智教育教学质量的根本保障,作为教培行业的一面旗帜,大智教育的讲师团队让人艳羡,那么这些讲师从何而来...[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-06-28
青岛理工大学琴岛学院:坚持特色办学 把专业选择权交给学生

青岛理工大学琴岛学院:坚持特色办学 把专业选择权交给学生

2019年,是青岛理工大学琴岛学院建院15周年。建院以来,这所高校就坚持以培养高素质应用型人才为引领,加大基础投入,优化学科结构,突出专...[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-06-27

硬核励志学霸:10年苦读从专科生变身清华博士后

10年时间,从专科生变身清华博士后,董晓旭这位从琴岛学院走出的毕业生,用自己的努力写就了一个神话般的故事,并且每一步都经得起实锤![详细]
齐鲁网 2020-06-27

高考头条:大智专家深度解读2019年高考试题“新”变化

2019年高考落幕,几十万山东考生走完高考这最关键的一程,至此,2019年高考划上句点,2020年高考全面开启。2019年高考对2020年新高考有什么...[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-06-10

齐鲁网 2020-06-08

我的校园我做主 长江师范学院打造“智慧+”校园生态社区

在这个美丽的五月,“2019全国主流网络媒体重庆高校行”大型融媒体采访活动走进长江师范学院,感受这所应用型高水平师范院校的魅力。[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-05-29

做美丽中国、乡村振兴的践行者!解锁川美“三贴近”办学探索

发挥办学优势,为精准扶贫赋能;做美丽中国、乡村振兴的践行者;毕业教学“三贴近”实践项目亮相“开放的六月”......[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-05-29

让大学课堂更具吸引力 长江师范学院打造“新师范”金课范式

因通俗易懂和简单实用的讲课方式,长江师范学院大数据与智能工程学院副教授曾俊的“金课”火了。曾俊成了“网红”副教授,她的课堂场场爆满...[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-05-29

从“反哺”到“共赢” 重庆电子工程职业学院将服务做到校友心坎里

一条欢迎横幅、一枚纪念校徽、一版《重电校友通讯》杂志……每逢有校友返校,大到行程安排,小到纪念物件,重庆电子工程职业学院都细致入微...[详细]
齐鲁网 2020-05-29

版权所有:澳门真人赌场_澳门真人赌场开户_主页  网上传播视听节目许可证1503009 互联网新闻信息服务许可证3712006002
通讯地址:山东省济南市经十路81号  邮编:250062
技术支持:
澳门真人赌场_澳门真人赌场开户_主页 体育网站投注_体育网站排名_【官网】 十大外围投注平台_外围投注平台推荐【官方网站】 365体育投注_365体育投注澳门真人赌场_【官网澳门真人赌场】